A Little Time With The 1689: Day 249

Day 249

Of the Gospel, and of the extent of the Grace thereof.

Chapter 20, Paragraph 1.

“The Covenant of Works being broken by Sin, and made unprofitable unto Life; God was pleased to give forth the promise of Christ, the Seed of the Woman, as the means of calling the Elect, and begetting in them Faith and Repentance; in this Promise, the Gospel, as to the substance of it, was revealed, and therein Effectual, for the Conversion and Salvation of sinners.”

Scripture Lookup

Genesis 3:15
Revelation 13:8


Adam was our representative in the Covenant of Works. Its terms were: obey God’s commands, particularly His command to not eat of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, and enjoy life everlasting. He had the ability and will to keep that covenant. He also had the ability and freedom to not keep that covenant. Willingly, Adam chose to disobey God, and ate of the fruit.

With an act of disobedience, Adam and Eve impacted the world, and not for the better. No human born in an ordinary way could live according to the requirements of the Covenant of Works. Decay and corruption are inherent from the moment of conception. Spiritual and physical death greet all of his descendants. Save One.

In the midst of the curses God pronounced on Adam, Eve, and the serpent that tempted them, He brought forth the promise of the Messiah, or Christ. This anointed One, a descendant of Adam and Eve, would crush the serpent’s head. A revelation of hope in the midst of so much darkness.

Through this promise God called His elect. It was a spark that the Spirit used to regenerate His own. The elect of Old Testament times did not have the knowledge of Christ to look back on as we do, but they were saved in the exact same way we are: through faith in Christ. Sam Waldron writes in his commentary on the 1689:

Men have always been saved in the same way and by the same gospel. In the Old Testament and in the New Testament that gospel was revealed. Every man ever saved was saved by its means.

Christian, not only do you share a common bond with your brothers and sisters in Christ scattered across the globe, but you share a common bond with your brothers and sisters in Christ scattered throughout eternity. The same Father that called you, called them; the same Christ that died for you, died for them; the same Holy Spirit that grants repentance and faith in you, granted faith and repentance in them. There is no special way of salvation for some, and not for others. It is always all of God’s free grace.

Questions to Consider

  • If people could be saved in a different way other than having faith in Christ, how would that affect the sufficiency of Christ for salvation?

A Little Time With The 1689: Day 122


Day 122

Of God’s Covenant.

Chapter 7, Paragraph 3.

This covenant is revealed in the gospel; first of all to Adam in the promise of salvation by the seed of the woman,...

Scripture Lookup

Genesis 3:15


Adam and Eve ate the forbidden fruit. Realizing their sin, racked with shame, they hid themselves in an attempt to avoid God. Of course that was impossible. When God asked him if he sinned, Adam shifted the blame to Eve. Confronted by God, Eve stated that the serpent deceived her. God then turns to the serpent and explains the curse due to his deception:

“Because you have done this,
Cursed are you more than all cattle,
And more than every beast of the field;
On your belly you will go,
And dust you will eat
All the days of your life;
 And I will put enmity
Between you and the woman,
And between your seed and her seed;
He shall bruise you on the head,
And you shall bruise him on the heel.”

Couched in the serpent’s curse is a glimmer of hope for sinners. Despite the transgression of our first parents, despite the corrupt nature inherited by all born of ordinary generation, there will be those who do not walk in step with the serpent. There will come a seed that will bruise the head of Satan.

Genesis 3:15 is called the protoevangelium. It is here that we first see the Gospel proclaimed. A savior is coming. Right from the beginning, sinners could look forward to His arrival. Like the first gray moments of dawn, the covenant of grace is revealed hazily, but its presence is undeniable.

Questions to Consider

  • Knowing the covenant of grace is revealed in Genesis, is the Bible disjointed or is it cohesive?